The refugee crises in the Middle East has, particularly after the wave of what is called the Arab Spring, increased the challenges on the economic, security, political, and environmental sectors, among others. This is due to the large influx of refugees, which has exceeded the capabilities of hosting countries. Even bearing in mind that low-income hosting countries received the largest portion of refugees, there are countries who have transformed the refugee situation into an opportunity by supporting the refugee population which consists of diverse segments of society such as youth groups, activists and technically trained individuals. Alternatively, other countries who have played a major role in dismantling countries in the region and have directly contributed to the refugee crisis, have adopted the policy of "hand-washing" and have refrained from participating in sharing the burdens of humanitarian asylum. At the same time, regional projects have escalated the conflict and prolonged the crisis, resulting in a systematic demographic transformation, delaying efforts to solve the crisis and to find durable solutions in the countries witnessing armed conflicts.

Consequently, the importance of holding this conference at this moment emerges in order to set suitable frameworks and to lay the foundation for a comprehensive approach regarding the reconstruction of the countries affected by armed conflicts with the help of regional and international efforts, and to reinforce the pillars of National Reconciliation. Additionally, it is to support the economies of countries which bear the heaviest burdens due to hosting refugees on behalf of the global community.